O God, who by the means of Thy transcendent Sacraments
givest the world new life, grant, we pray Thee,
that Thy Church may pursue the path of Thy eternal ordinances
and be not deprived of temporal help:
through Our Lord…
This church is the dominicum Eusebii, recorded in an epitaph of 474 as the home of the “heroic Roman priest, Eusebius.” Eusebius was condemned to death by starvation by the Arian Emperor Constantinus in 357. His home was converted into a titulus, one of the original twenty-five parishes of Rome, and this oratory is mentioned in the Councils held by Gelasius in 494 and by Symmachus in 499. It was formally erected into a station by Gregory the Great. Restored many times, the church was reconstructed in 1238 by Gregory IX, who dedicated it to Saint Eusebius and Saint Vincent, martyr, who died on January 22, 304.
While little is known of Saint Eusebius, we know that the early Church honored three martyred deacons from different localities: Stephen (Palestine), Lawrence (Rome), and Vincent (Spain), remembered in this church. Vincent was martyred in Valencia, Spain, during the persecution of Diocletian and Maximian. The Acts of the Martyrs describes his torments in some detail and records Vincent’s speech to Dacian, governor of Spain: “The more I witness your fury, Dacian, the greater is my pleasure. Do not lessen in any way the sufferings you prepare for me so that I can make my victory shine more resplendently.”
The relics of Saint Eusebius are interred beneath the high altar.
Location: Sant’Eusebio is located on the north corner of the Piazza Vittorio Emmanuele II, in the vicinity of the Basilica of Saint Mary Major.
Grant, Almighty God, we pray Thee,
that we who are aware of our own weakness,
but trust in Thy strength, may ever rejoice
in Thy sheltering care:
through Our Lord…
- Station Monday Lent IV: Statio ad Ss Quatuor Coronatos (frjeromeosjv.wordpress.com)
- Station Thursday Lent IV: Statio ad St Silvestrum et Martinum (frjeromeosjv.wordpress.com)